Mareykanka ayaa diiday dalabka Poland ee ah in diyaaradaha dagaalka ee MiG-29 loo diro Ukraine.

Maraykanka ayaa diiday dalabka Poland ee ah in diyaaradaha dagaalka ee MiG-29 loo diro Ukraine

Mareykanka ayaa diiday dalabka Poland ee ah in diyaaradahooda dagaalka ee MiG-29 ay u soo diraan Ukraine iyaga oo sii maraya saldhigga hawada Mareykanka ee Jarmalka, isaga oo sheegay in soo jeedintu ay kor u qaadday “walaac halis ah” dhammaan xulafada NATO.

Warsaw ayaa dalabkan lama filaanka ah sameeyay Talaadadii xilli uu soo noqnoqday codsiyo ka yimid madaxweynaha Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy oo ku baaqayay diyaarado dagaal oo dheeri ah si ay u buuxiyaan ciidamada cirka ee dalkiisa si ay uga difaacaan duulaanka ciidamada Ruushka.

Qorshaha Poland ayaa soo jeediyay in Ruushka uu sameeyay diyaaradaha dagaalka ee MiG-29 in la geeyo saldhigga Mareykanka ee Ramstein ee Jarmalka, ka dibna la geeyo Ukraine.

Laakiin af hayeenka Pentagon-ka John Kirby ayaa sheegay in rajada laga qabo in diyaaraduhu ay ka duulaan saldhigga Mareykanka iyo NATO “in ay hawada ku jiraan oo Ruushka ay ku loolamayaan Ukraine ay walaac weyn ku abuureyso dhammaan xulafada NATO”.

“Waxaan sii wadi doonaa inaan la tashano Poland iyo xulafadayada kale ee NATO arrintan iyo caqabadaha adag ee saadka ee ay soo bandhigto, laakiin ma aaminsanin in soo jeedinta Poland ay tahay mid la heli karo,” Kirby ayaa ku yiri hadal uu soo saaray.

“Si fudud nooma cadda in ay jirto sabab macquul ah,” ayuu raaciyay.

In kasta oo qayb muhiim ah oo ka mid ah ciidamada cirka ee Ukraine ay weli sugan yihiin tan iyo markii uu dagaalku billowday 24-kii Febraayo, labada Ukraine iyo Ruushka labaduba waxay soo gaareen khasaare la taaban karo oo midkoodna ma maamulo hawada dalka.

Ciidamada cirka ee Ukraine ayaa ka kooban MiG-29 iyo Sukhoi-27 jets oo duqoobay, iyo Sukhoi-25 diyaaradood oo ka culus – waana diyaaradaha keliya ee duuliyayaasha Ukraine ay isla markiiba duuli karaan iyaga oo aan tababar dheeraad ah helin.

Iyadoo Ukraine ay xoojisay baaqyada xulafada reer galbeedka ay ku doonayaan in ay ku siiyaan diyaarado militari, in Kyiv la siiyo diyaarado dagaal khataro waaweyn.

Ruushka ayaa ka digay in taageerada ciidamada cirka ee Ukraine lagu arki doono Moscow inay ka qayb qaadanayaan iskahorimaadka ayna u furaan alaab-qeybiyeyaasha suurtagalka ah aargoosiga.

NATO ayaa sheegtay in aysan doonayn in dagaal toos ah ay la gasho xukuumadda Moscow oo ay isku heyb yihiin quwadda Nukliyeerka ah, waxaana madaxweynaha Mareykanka Joe Biden uu meesha ka saaray in ciidamo Mareykan ah loo diro dalka Ukraine si ay u dagaalamaan, arrintaas oo Pentagon-ka ay sheegtay in ay khuseyso ciidamada ku sugan gudaha ama gudaha dalka Ukraine. hawada, howlgallada duulista.

Ka dib markii Poland ay ku dhawaaqday dalabkeeda, Ku-xigeenka Xoghayaha Arrimaha Dibedda ee Maraykanka ee Arrimaha Siyaasadda Victoria Nuland ayaa u sheegtay sharci-dajiyayaasha Maraykanka in Washington la qabtay.

“Aniga sida aan ogahay, nalama tashan in ay qorsheeyeen in ay na siiyaan diyaaradahan,” Nuland ayaa u sheegtay dhageysiga guddiga xiriirka dibadda ee Senate-ka. “Marka waxaan u maleynayaa inay taasi dhab ahaantii ahayd tallaabo la yaab leh oo ay sameeyeen Poles,” ayay tidhi.

Iyadoo dhowr sharci-dejiyayaal ay ku cadaadiyeen in diyaaradaha loogu soo yaaco Ukraine, Nuland waxay diiday inay Washington u ballan-qaado inay taageerto ama fududayso beddelka.

“Waxaan sii wadi doonaa inaan soo gudbiyo aragtida aadka u xooggan ee laba geesoodka ah ee guddigan in diyaaradahani ay u baahan yihiin inay tagaan Ukraine,” ayay u sheegtay guddiga. “Waxaa jira dhowr arrimood oo la tixgeliyo halkan waxaana jira fikrado isku dhafan oo ka dhex jira xulafada iyo xitaa gudaha maamulka.”

Horaantii Talaadadii, Xoghayaha Difaaca ee Britain Ben Wallace ayaa sheegay in dalkiisu uu garab istaagi doono Poland haddii ay ku wareejiso diyaaradaha, isagoo xusay inay la kulmi karaan “cawaaqibta tooska ah” ee go’aankooda.

“Markaa waanu ilaalin lahayn Poland, waxaanu ku caawin doonaa wax kasta oo ay u baahan yihiin,” Wallace ayaa u sheegay Sky News.

Ra’iisul wasaaraha Poland Mateusz Morawiecki ayaa sheegay in go’aan kasta oo ku saabsan gaarsiinta hubka weerarka ay tahay inay si wadajir ah u gaaraan xubnaha NATO.

“Tani waa sababta aan u awoodno inaan siino dhammaan guutooyinkayaga dagaalyahannada jet-ka ah Ramstein, laakiin diyaar uma nihin inaan sameyno wax dhaqdhaqaaq ah oo nafteena ah sababtoo ah… qayb kama nihin dagaalkan,” ayuu yidhi.

Dhanka kale, millatariga Maraykanku wuxuu ku dhawaaqay inuu dib u dhigi doono laba baytariyada gantaalaha Patriot ee Poland si uu si firfircoon uga hortago khatar kasta oo ka iman karta Maraykanka iyo ciidamada xulafada ah iyo dhulka NATO.

Resource: Al Jazera English
Translated by: Abdirahman Osman

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Dhaqanka iyo bulshada Soomaliyeed

Bulsho kastaa waxay leedahay dhaqan u gaar ah oo lagu aqoonsado waana dhaxal ay jiilba jiil ka dhaxli doonaan kuwii ka horeeyay.

Dadka Soomaaliyeed waxay leeyihiin dhaqammo kala duwan oo ay ka dhaxleen waalidkood Ma ka hadlayo dhaqamada jaahilka ee diinteenna baalmarsan; Waxaan ka hadlayaa caadooyinka soo jireenka ah sida soo dhoweynta, qaraabannimada, barbaarinta carruurta leh dhaqan wanaagsan iyo suugaan.

Dawlad kasta oo dunida ka jirtaa waxay leedahay af iyo dhaqan u gaar ah oo waddan walba jecel yahay inuu ku gumeysto ama wax ka baro wadan kale. Tusaale ahaan, bishii Ogost 1960kii waxaa Jabuuti booqday madaxweynihii hore ee Faransiiska Charles de Gualle, xilligaasna Jabuuti waxaa gumaysan jiray Faransiiska (Franch Somaliland). Waxaa ka dhiidhiyay dhaqdhaqaaqii gobonimo -doonka Jabuuti oo magacoodi u beddelay dhulka Canfarta & Ciise.

Waxaan u cuskaday in ujeedka ugu weyn ee gumeysiga Faransiisku uu ahaa faafinta dhaqankiisa, gaar ahaan luuqadda uu ku hadlo, taasoo saamayn weyn ku yeelatay waddanka la gumaysto.

Dhaqanka soo dhaweynta Soomaalida

Waxaan rabaa inaan farta ku fiiqo dhaqankii hore ee soo dhoweynta Soomaalida. Runtii waxay ahayd dhaqan wanaagsan in martida si wanaagsan loogu adeego oo la siiyo cuntooyinka ay jecel yihiin ee laga heli karo guriga.

Mararka qaar waxaa dhici karta in ay yimaadaan martidu xilli abaar ey jirto oo xooluhu caano haysan haddana sidaa ey tahay waxay siiyaan martida wixii ay haystaan. Intaa waxaa dheer, martidu waxay joogi karaan inta ay rabaan waxayna la noolaan karaan qoyska iyagoon dareemin cadaadis ama takoorid.

Casriga iyo isbedelka dhaqanka

Bulshada Soomaaliyeed waxaa ku soo qulqulaya dhaqammo kala duwan oo ka yimid dalal kale taasoo keentay inay lumiyaan dhaqankoodii, gaar ahaan dhallinyaradii dhalatay burburkii ka dib, taasoo sahashay in dhaqankooda lagu beddelo baraha bulshada ama hababka kale ee isgaarsiinta.

Nidaamka cusub ee dawladnimadu wuxuu kaloo qayb ka noqon karaa, haddii aan si habboon wax looga qaban, kala fogeeynta qiyamka iyo akhlaaqda ee dadka Soomaaliyeed iyo dhaqankooda, hadday tahay mid goboleeysi ama mid qabyaalad. Iyo waliba luuqadda la adeegsado oo ah, kani waa qabiil z, kani waa (laangab)kanina waa (laandhere), waxay ka qayb qaadataa in laga fogaado dhaqanka suuban ee Soomaalida waxayna meesha ka saartaa is aqbalaadda iyo jacaylka.

Ugu dambayn, deegaanka uu qofku ku nool yahay ayaa isna kaalin mug leh ka qaadan kara luminta dhaqanka wanaagsan haddii qofku ku noolaado jawi takoor iyo qabyaalad oo waliba saamayn ku yeelan kara.

Taladayda: Dib -u -noolaynta xarumihii dhaqanka ee isku keeni jiray bulshada Soomaaliyeed si ay u bartaan waxa dhaqankeennu yahay iyo waxa aan wadaagno sidoo kale waxaan soo jeedinayaa in la abuuro oo la xoojiyo dugsiyada bara luqadda iyo dhaqanka ardayda ee dhammaan gobollada Soomaaliya iyo in laga gudbo luuqada xun oo aan u fiicnayn ilmaha sii koraya, ey kamid yihin, kani waa laandhere ama laangab.

Somali culture and society

Every society has its own culture to be recognized and it is a legacy that will be passed down from generation to generation by those who came before them. 

The Somali people have different cultures inherited from their parents I am not talking about pagan practices that violate our religion; I am talking about traditional traditions such as hospitality, kinship, nurturing children with good traditions and literature.

Every government in the world has its own language and culture that each country likes to colonize or learn from. For example, in August 1960 Djibouti was visited by former French President Charles de Gualle, and at the time Djibouti was being colonized by the French (Franch Somaliland). It was protested by the Djiboutian independence movement which changed its name to Afar & Isse Territory. I argued that the main purpose of French colonization was to spread its culture, especially the language it spoke, which had a profound effect on the colonized country.

Somali hospitality tradition

I want to point out the old Somali hospitality tradition. It was indeed a good tradition to serve guests well and to give them their favorite foods available at home. Occasionally there may be guests coming during a drought and the animals do not have any milk and yet they give the guests what they have. In addition, guests can stay as long as they want and live with the family without feeling pressured or discriminated against.

Modernity and cultural change

Somali society is experiencing an influx of multiculturalism from other countries that have led to the loss of their culture, especially young people born after the collapse, which has made it easier to change their culture through social media or other means of communication.

The new system of government can also be part of, if not properly addressed, the alienate the moral values of the Somali people and their culture, whether it is regionalism or tribalism. And also the language used which is, this is a clan z, this is ( laangab) and this is (laandhere), contributes to the avoidance of good Somali culture and eliminates acceptance and love. Finally, the environment in which a person lives can also play a significant role in the loss of good culture if one lives in a discriminatory and tribal environment that can also be affected.

In my advice: Reviving the cultural centers that used to bring the Somali community together to learn what our culture is and what we have in common and also I suggest creating and strengthening schools that teach the language and culture of students in all regions of Somalia and overcoming bad language that is not good for a growing childlike, this is laandhere or laangab.

SPA-CLD: One-month course of blog writing training

SPA-CLD Center

One-month-long training on blog writing has come to an end and I would like to thank the Somali Public Agenda for Learning and Development center, which has truly recognized the needs of Somali youth to improve their writing techniques.

The majority of our Somali community is said to be illiterate and they need to improve their writing and reading skills. My expectations were high and this one-month-long blog writing training course had taught me all the skills related to writing. Before this training I was afraid to write something but after guidance from my instructors training, I finally joined the world of bloggers.

First and foremost, the reason why I joined the blog writing training was to be a blogger and to help me to create connections with other bloggers and also share knowledge and information. Also this blog writing training outcome will increase my writing career and get more followers on social media.

Writing blog posts is attractive in the sense that writers and people, in general, want the opportunity to share their experiences and feelings; blog posts allow them to do it easily and interactively and bloggers improve coordination and allow interaction to a far greater extent.

Also, the lessons I learned during the training were great lessons including what all about a blog, Blogpost, Good Blogpost, and various types of posts. As well as dealing with sensitive topics and how to choose an attractive topic and title, proofreading and how to be a committed blogger. Furthermore I learnt how to harness social media to promote my blog post and personal branding.

Finally, this training will be an eye-opening strategy for my growing performance and perceptions about writing and I will progressively be able to write longer, more accurate and more detailed reports. Blogging is a good way to improve your writing and reading skills as well as using a blog. I became aware of my usual mistakes, expanded my vocabulary, and became accustomed to writing in Somali and English blog posts. Furthermore, I would like to continue my writing and reading skills.

Personal Reflection on My Internship at SPA

My three-month internship with the Somali Public Agenda (SPA) has come to an end. The internship was a great opportunity for me to acquire various skills and experiences. I am grateful for this opportunity at SPA. A few of the things that I learned while working with the SPA were discipline, respect and time management.

Before I started the internship, I had a meeting with Mahad Wasuge, the Executive Director of SPA who also was my lecturer at Mogadishu University. We discussed about the possibility of an internship with SPA.  He informed me that I would be starting the internship in early March 2021. On Sunday, March 7, 2021, I started my internship, and I came to the SPA office with a lot of energy and excitement. I was warmly welcomed by the SPA team and felt a special joy that gave me hope that I could be effective and contribute to SPA’s work.  It was a Sunday morning, and the weekly meeting began immediately. I was assigned to take the minutes of the meeting and share them  with the team.

During my internship period, I developed a number of skills and learned multiple things. Writing the minutes of SPA’s weekly meetings was a regular task. I also contributed to the translation of some of SPA’s publications, co-organized a number of events, and conducted research interviews.

I participated in a research project in which I interviewed various respondents for an upcoming study on taabuutobacco. These interviewees included soldiers and construction workers who use taabuu, and we wanted to understand the reasons why they use the drug and the social, economic and health effect it on them. SPA teams were very friendly, helpful, and eager to guide me with advice and ideas.  The project gave me  firsthand experience in research and data collection.

During my internship, scholars and researchers visited the SPA office. It was an opportunity for me to expand my networking/connections with the great people who visited us. Apart from the SPA work, I was able to read books during my internship. SPA’s well-resourced library allowed me to read five different books, most of them on Somali studies, which boosted my understanding of Somalia politics, society and economy. Roald Dahl  once said: “If you are going to get anywhere in life, you have to read a lot of books.”

Meanwhile, as a student who was in his last semester at the university, it was an additional benefit and eye opening for me to develop my interview and note taking skills before my graduation. This was very useful for my university thesis research.

Blog writing training at SPA office

SPA gave me a scholarship to participate in an ongoing month-long blog writing training along with other inspiring young people. Through the blog writing training, my writing skills are improving fast. This is thanks to the intensive write ups that the course requires from trainees. It is exciting training, and I will share my blog training experience in another piece.

Finally, I am grateful for the unwavering support SPA team gave me during my internship. I am especially grateful to Farhan Isak Yusuf, SPA researcher, for helping me during my internship. I hope our paths will cross again.

Somalia: Young graduates and pervasive unemployment in the market

Abdirahman, Ali and Hassan Graduates

In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of university graduates in Somalia, based on the number of expanded universities. While they are a major challenge to the market, unemployment among Somali youth is devastating the individual and society as a whole, both psychologically and financially.

Unemployment is one of the biggest problems in the world, especially in low and middle-income countries like Somalia. In some ways, unemployment has become a constant problem in many developed and developing countries. When a person seeks to work and has the knowledge and skills to qualify and not getting a job is called unemployment.

According to a UN report, the unemployment rate among Somali youth is one of the highest worldwide, 67% of all 14 to 24-year-olds. Somalia Human Development Report 2012, released by the United Nations Development Program reflects 82% of Somalis being marginalized, with 73% living on less than $2 a day. Unemployment among Somali youth has also encouraged many to flee their country. Most young people have moved to neighboring countries in search of better opportunities. Some young people crossed the Mediterranean into Europe in search of a better life living in deteriorating economic conditions in the country.

Challenges for university graduates in the labor market include not finding the right job opportunities for young university graduates. On the other hand, poor university quality is a major factor in the lack of job opportunities for young people. In addition, the number of universities and unbalanced graduates and market opportunities are other major challenges for young people.

After graduation, most young people do not have enough skills to take advantage of the opportunities available in the market, and graduates need to learn skills outside of university because most job opportunities in the market depend on the student having skills and more experience. Young people also need to look for quality vocational training and volunteering to complete their university education, as this can enhance their abilities and knowledge.

The beginning of my learning journey

Abdirahman Osman- Jowhara hotel

The beginning of my learning journey

My name is Abdirahman Osman. I was born in Mogadishu in August 1997 in the NBC neighborhood of Hodan district. At that time, the country was in a state of lawlessness, relentless conflicts, droughts. Before the beginning of my formal education, I started studying the Holy Quran at a Qor’anic Madarasa (Duksi). Moallim Mohamed was the first teacher who taught me the Quran. He had a moving sound when reciting the Qur’an.

After a while, I enrolled in an elementary school and I studied that school up until I was in 6th grade. Then, the fighting in Mogadishu intensified, and our family fled from the city to the “Ceelasha Biyaha” neighborhood in the outskirts of Mogadishu. There, I joined a UNICEF-built IDP school, but it was only limited to a primary school, and students were provided with free books and learning materials. I took grades 4, 5, 6, and 7th.

Then I returned to Mogadishu where the fighting had lessened. I joined Darul al-ulum School (2009 up to 2010) for the study of the Islamic religion and Prophetic Traditions. The school has now been transformed into a university (Daru al-ulum University).

I vividly remember Moallin Abdirahman Dhere and Abdirahman (Fiilow) who were great teachers at the school. The books (Kutub) I studied included (Naxwa: Part 1, 2, and 3), Fiqhi ( part 1, 2, and 3) Khulasah Nurul Yaqin (part 1, 2, and 3), and as well as the Qur’an and Arabic. It was a time that had a profound effect on my life.

Finally, the people who fled Mogadishu had returned after the fighting subsided and life returned to normal; markets and educational institutions were reopened. See next page of my life……………………….

Life requires struggle and the ability to overcome challenges.

Be patient with your life.