In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of university graduates in Somalia, based on the number of expanded universities. While they are a major challenge to the market, unemployment among Somali youth is devastating the individual and society as a whole, both psychologically and financially.
Unemployment is one of the biggest problems in the world, especially in low and middle-income countries like Somalia. In some ways, unemployment has become a constant problem in many developed and developing countries. When a person seeks to work and has the knowledge and skills to qualify and not getting a job is called unemployment.
According to a UN report, the unemployment rate among Somali youth is one of the highest worldwide, 67% of all 14 to 24-year-olds. Somalia Human Development Report 2012, released by the United Nations Development Program reflects 82% of Somalis being marginalized, with 73% living on less than $2 a day. Unemployment among Somali youth has also encouraged many to flee their country. Most young people have moved to neighboring countries in search of better opportunities. Some young people crossed the Mediterranean into Europe in search of a better life living in deteriorating economic conditions in the country.
Challenges for university graduates in the labor market include not finding the right job opportunities for young university graduates. On the other hand, poor university quality is a major factor in the lack of job opportunities for young people. In addition, the number of universities and unbalanced graduates and market opportunities are other major challenges for young people.
After graduation, most young people do not have enough skills to take advantage of the opportunities available in the market, and graduates need to learn skills outside of university because most job opportunities in the market depend on the student having skills and more experience. Young people also need to look for quality vocational training and volunteering to complete their university education, as this can enhance their abilities and knowledge.